Story

sanleucio
The coat of arms of St.Leucio

From the 551 d.C. when the emperor Giustiniano, in Bisanzio, had gotten from two belonging missionaries to the order of S. Basilio some eggs of silkworm from their earth of mission, China, smuggles hiding her in the soul of their batons, it opened a new world to the weaving of merit in the empire of west.

recarlo

King Carlo III

In St. Leucio the art of the weaving was spontaneously born and that art was always well seen from the ruling launchings, since that 1473 Aragonese arrangements that it granted some privileges to the buyers from Alfonso the Magnanimous, to the revolution of Masaniello, during which the weavers appropriated him with the strength of the Aragonese statutory tables to materially show her to the viceroy and to impose its confirmation. Under the Bourbon domination, the king Carlo III, recommended by minister Bernard Tanucci, thought about forming the young people of the place sending them in France to learn the art of the weaving, for then to work in the real establishments, thin to reach the manufacturing colony founded by Ferdinando IV.

reginarecarlo
Queen Maria Amalia

In the 1773 St. Leucio, that the name takes from the mountain to whose feet rise, considered from the population as center of the hermitage of the saint, it was composed of an old baronial building, a “country house” and of one “vacherie” in which Sardinian cows were lodged; this last construction, that designated with its name the district of Vaccheria, became just center in the 1776 of a factory of stockings, while the country of St. Leucio had become a point of meeting among silky workers that originated from France, from the Piedmont, from Genoa, from Tuscany.

ferdinando

King Ferdinando IV

Here it found terrestrial favorable the wish of Ferdinando IV that wanted to industrialize the local activities spread in the region and home performed with handicraft technique, with the construction of one “factory of the silk” to introduce the most recent technical discoveries, modern machineries and also new concepts in the workmanship of the valuable material.

reginaferdinando
Queen Barbara de Braganza

So the Casina Reale – “the Belvedere” -, was transformed by the architect Collecini, that realized a new cohabitation: from a side the elegant real rooms, from the other the noisy machines that they worked and they plotted the silk. Besides the apartment of the King, there were the lodgings of the priest and the teacher of school and the places for the administration of the manufacture. The room of the parties left space to the church, while in the silk-mills in the Belvedere were produced the silks and the velvets destined to the furnishings of the rich Neapolitan buildings; the products of the silk factory became well soon famous, both in the kingdom and to the foreign countries; in 1798 started the the construction of the village worker, incomplete for the descent of Napoleone in Italy.

belvedere
St. Leucio’s Belvedere

Moreover, because the heterogeneity of the population, the King wanted to fix in the same year the organization of the 31 families of resident workers with a legislative juridical and economic code; it established the abolition of every distinction of class and honorary appellatives, the obligatory education from the six years of age, the marriage for free choice and without dowry, the obligation to wear equal suits for everybody, the free assignment of a house for every family, the abolition of the wills with right of succession to children, to parents, to the collateral ones of 1 degree and to the consort survivor (otherwise goods would have returned to the community), the institution of a Pawnshop for the orphans, of the Box of the Charity for the Invalid, of the box for the old age, of the sanitary assistance and the election of the judges and the “senior of the people”, from the head of families.

seta
The Setery

The ceremony for the promulgation of the laws was very pompous: choreographies were taken care of by the painter German Phillip Hackert and for the music it was entrusted Giovanni Paisiello. Since then The Real Colonia of St. Leucio has given the start to a silky tradition that is strongly today still present. The silks of St. Leucio, today still produced industrially with tall assistant value, always based on the 1700 native sketches are mainly destined to segments of market of “elite”, but doesn’t exist a family of the district of Caserta that doesn’t have his bedspread or his “good article” of origin Leuciana.